中国经济学人

数据中国

  • Institutional, Technical and Financial Arrangements in China's Rural Pollution Abatement

    朱玲;

    This study tracks rural waste management systems in China since 2017. Our findings are threefold:(i) Rural waste management in China is underpinned by an institutional framework of environmentally-minded laws and regulations;(ii) substantial progress has been made in livestock pollution treatment, "toilet revolution" and domestic waste management as a result of extensive public communication and state-led enforcement;(iii) environmental responsibilities are shared among the government, polluters and households. In particular, government spending has focused on areas of market failure such as waste reduction, antitoxic treatment and recycling. Moreover, our research uncovers that current waste management systems are unsustainable and must be remedied by:(i) setting aside sufficient funds for infrastructure maintenance; and(ii) increasing villagers' participation in project design and investment. Also, existing public utilities such as sewage treatment facilities should be remodeled to increase coverage for rural households who live at scattered settlements.

    2020年06期 v.15 2-8页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 303K]
  • Do ICTs Boost Agricultural Productivity?

    朱秋博;白军飞;彭超;朱晨;

    Based on panel data from the Rural Fixed Point Survey of the Ministry of Agriculture over the period 2004-2016 and supplementary survey data on information and communications technology(ICT) applications in the countryside, this paper employs the difference in differences(DID) method to analyze the effects of ICT applications on rural households' agricultural total factor productivity(TFP) with mobile phone signal, internet and 3G mobile network connections as indicators, and decomposes and evaluates the constituent factors. Our findings reveal a positive effect of ICTs on rural households' TFP, which primarily stemmed from rising agricultural technical efficiency. However, ICTs exerted no significant effect on agricultural technical progress during this paper's data period due to limited rural human capital. These findings are consistent with robustness test results based on counterfactual and matching methods.

    2020年06期 v.15 9-26页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 531K]
  • Globalization, Industrialization and Economic Catch-Up

    郑宇;

    Industrialization was an essential path to modernization for early industrialized nations. Since the 1990 s, however, premature deindustrialization has swept across much of the developing world, where industry contributed less to job creation and economic growth. Will developing countries still have opportunity to achieve economic growth and catch-up through industrialization? This article contends that the traditional path of industrialization has become more elusive in the era of globalization but the changing global economy and technological progress create new opportunities for developing countries. In today's interconnected world, China's economic rise has great implications for other developing countries. This article finds that China's emergence as the world's workshop has helped rather than hurt industrial development in Africa through two-way trade, but its impact may differ across the African continent, Africa's industrial path may not follow an exportoriented approach. Instead, Africa's future sustainability depends on its adoption of a diversified industrial policy.

    2020年06期 v.15 27-38页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 328K]
  • China's Service Sector and the 14th FYP: Trends, Breakthroughs and Policy Outlook

    夏杰长;

    China's service sector has developed a lot in the 13th Five-Year Plan period, and is positioned to upgrade on all fronts in the new era. In the 14th Five-Year Plan period, China's service sector boasts huge potentials and is expected to maintain steady growth. By 2025, the service sector is expected to account for 59.05% of total value added, 54.96% of employment, 60.51% of fixed asset investment, and 50.04% of consumption. Service labor productivity will rise from 143,400 yuan/person in 2019 to 178,400 yuan/person by 2025. It can thus be concluded that in the 14 th Five-Year Plan period, China's service sector will play a dominant role in the economy and head toward higher quality development. To achieve this goal, we must allow for the decisive role of the market and the fundamental role of the government, and open up new prospects in development of the service sector with respect to digilitalization, platform-based operations, smart technology, integration, and standardization.

    2020年06期 v.15 39-51页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 326K]
  • How Media Opinion Influences Imports in the US

    李钢;孟丽君;

    Does public opinion influence US imports? Do countries with a good reputation export more to the US? And vice versa? Based on an extended trade gravity model, this paper employs news data from the GDELT database and US monthly import data to create an indicator of the influence of public opinion to examine the effects of US domestic public opinion on imports. Our research findings suggest that:(i) US public opinion influences US imports. Specifically,(ii) when public opinion turned negative during 2013-2017, it exerted a significantly negative effect on US imports; when public opinion was favorable during 2008-2012, it exerted an insignificantly positive effect on US imports.(iii) According to the pulse response function and variance decomposition, negative public opinion exerted a more significant and more lasting effect on US imports compared with positive public opinion.(iv) It can be discovered after further decomposing such effects on product categories that significant product heterogeneity exists in the public opinion effects on US imports: Complex and differentiated products are more influenced by negative public opinion while homogeneous and intermediate products are more influenced by positive public opinion.

    2020年06期 v.15 52-67页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 356K]
  • Institutional Quality, Foreign Aid and Economic Growth in Recipient Countries

    王孝松;田思远;

    Foreign aid is an important aspect of China's Belt and Road Initiative(BRI) for enhancing two-way cooperation with BRI countries. Based on the panel data of China's foreign aid over the period 2000-2014, this paper employs the Worldwide Governance Indicators(WGI) to conduct an empirical study on the economic growth effects of China's foreign aid and recipient countries' institutional quality with the endogeneity of aid taken into account. Results of our empirical study suggest that(i) China's foreign aid, especially infrastructure aid, can effectively promote economic growth in recipient countries;(ii) sound institutional development offers an important assurance for economic growth in recipient countries;(iii) sample-specific regression reveals that the institutional quality of recipient countries can significantly influence the economic growth effects of China's foreign aid, especially economic infrastructure aid for recipient countries in Asia and Europe. To improve aid effectiveness and quality, China needs to improve aid structure, supervise aid program implementation, and mitigate the impact of institutional risks in recipient countries.

    2020年06期 v.15 68-83页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 401K]
  • Open Innovation and New Mechanism of Market-Based Technology Diffusion from MNCs

    郑飞虎;蔡宏波;仲鑫;

    The international community has blamed developing countries for the lack of intellectual property rights(IPR) protection-not least the "forced technology transfers"-in attracting foreign direct investment(FDI). This paper employs the largesample contract data of multinational companies'(MNCs) IT R&D transactions in China to discuss this controversy from a unique perspective of MNCs in the role of contractors. Our findings suggest that MNCs initially guarded their know-how before the 2000s under closed innovation, but have started to take the initiative to transfer technology to local partners as open innovation held sway. China's structured market entities and huge demand for technology transactions have served as key drivers for MNCs to transfer technology, which has been further boosted by the new business model of open innovation. This paper's empirical analysis not only helps unravel the "black box" of technology transfers by MNCs, but reveals how late-moving developing countries may make better use of FDI referencing China's experience on the three dimensions of market opportunities, structured entities, and economies of scale.

    2020年06期 v.15 84-100页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 394K]
  • Will Cleaner Air Reduce Corporate Labor Cost?

    沈永建;于双丽;蒋德权;

    With China's listed companies from 2005 to 2015 as samples, this paper investigates how air quality influences labor cost based on city-level air quality data. Our study finds a significant negative correlation between air quality and corporate employee compensation-such a negative correlation is particularly strong in regions where employees are more rights-conscious and for companies that are non-labor-intensive. By adjusting employee compensation according to air quality, firms will increase their future corporate value. In addition, air quality has significantly differentiated effects on employee compensation for firms of different ownership nature and different level of cash on hand. Further research reveals that the effects mainly stem from poor air quality. In general, extreme air quality changes will lead to a difference of 14,210 yuan in the annual average compensation to employees from sample companies, or a labor cost difference of around 23 trillion yuan for all companies nationwide during the sample period. Our research conclusions have broadened the scope of research on how air quality influences firm behavior, and provide empirical reference for employee motivation and cost management, as well as empirical evidences for China's policy principle that "lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets".

    2020年06期 v.15 101-125页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 587K]
  • China Industrial Economics

    <正>China Industrial Economics(CIE) is a national academic monthly journal sponsored by the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Committed to exploring theories and facilitating their application, CIE was founded with the mission to publish the latest research results of industrial economics and business administration. It serves as a window for international scholars and managers to keep updated about China's industrial economics and business administration.

    2020年06期 v.15 128页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 312K]
  • 中國工業經濟

    <正>《中国工业经济》,原名《中国工业经济学报》,1984年由著名经济学家蒋一苇创办。现为中国社会科学院主管、中国社会科学院工业经济研究所主办,是全国产业经济、企业管理领域的权威学术期刊。本刊大16开本,160页整,整个设计简洁、大气、厚重。创刊以来,《中国工业经济》本着"理论顶天,实践立地"的理念刊发论文,选题具有前瞻性,内容具有原创性,论证具有严谨性,结论具有实用性,其最大特色是:①思想和方法融为一体。

    2020年06期 v.15 129页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 198K]
  • China Economist

    Li Yang;Jin Bei;

    <正>The Chinese economy has been growing rapidly for more than two decades and is forcefully changing the global economic pattern. It seems that the world was ill-prepared for such dramatic changes in China. This has made it even more necessary for China to understand itself and to deepen its knowledge of the rest of the world. In turn,

    2020年06期 v.15 130页 [查看摘要][在线阅读][下载 193K]
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